Voluntarism Definitions


  • Voluntarism, or voluntaryism, is a philosophy according to which all forms of human association should be voluntary. This moral principle is called the non-aggression principle, which prohibits the initiation of aggressive force or coercion. The word 'initiation' is used here to make clear that Voluntarism does not oppose self-defense.
  • Agorism is a philosophy that holds as its ultimate goal bringing about a society in which all "relations between people are voluntary exchanges – a free market." The term comes from the Greek word "agora," referring to an open place for assembly and market in ancient Greek city-states. Ideologically, it is a term representing a revolutionary type of free-market anarchism. Agorism often advocates of untaxed black market activity.
  • Anarcho-capitalism is a libertarian and individualist anarchist political philosophy that advocates the elimination of the state in favor of individual sovereignty in a free market. In an anarcho-capitalist society, law enforcement, courts, and all other security services would be provided by voluntarily-funded competitors such as private defense agencies rather than through taxation, and money would be privately and competitively provided in an open market.
  • The Non-Aggression Principle is an ethical stance which asserts that "aggression" is inherently illegitimate. "Aggression" is defined as the "initiation" of physical force against persons or property, the threat of such, or fraud upon persons or their property. In contrast to pacifism, the non-aggression principle does not preclude a proportional aggressive self-defense. The core of the non-aggression-principle is a rejection of all human relationships that are imposed upon any individual against their desire.
  • Anti-statism is a term describing opposition to state intervention into personal, social, and economic affairs. Anti-statist views may reject the state completely as well as rulership in general (e.g. anarchism), they may wish to reduce the size and scope of the state to a minimum (e.g. minarchism), or they may advocate a stateless society as a distant goal (e.g. Marxism).
  • Voluntary - Voluntary refers to mutual human relationships which are desirable to both parties. Involuntary or coerced refers to human relationships which are are imposed or compelled through the use of threats, fraud, direct force, or aggression. Violence is defined as the use of physical force used to apply a state contrary to the desires of another person. "Aggression" is defined as the initiation of physical force against persons or property, the threat of such, or fraud upon persons or their property.
  • Panarchism is a political philosophy emphasizing each individual's right to freely join and leave the jurisdiction of any governments they choose, without being forced to move from their current locale.
  • Opportunity Cost is the cost (not restricted to monetary or financial costs) of any activity measured in terms of the value of the best alternative that is foregone. It is the sacrifice related to the second best choice among several mutually exclusive alternatives.
  • Property Property is the means of determining who may access or control something, in the context of human interaction. This is especially important in the context of a dispute prevention and resolution.
  • Truce Ethics/Morality - Truces of human interaction for mutually beneficial relationships (Property, Non-Violence, and NAP). Whether or not this is "morality" is mostly a semantic point, not a metaphysical one.
  • **Semantics** is the study of meaning. It focuses on the relation between signifiers, such as words, phrases, signs and symbols, and what they stand for, their denotata. Linguistic semantics is the study of meaning that is used by humans to express themselves through language.


  • Agorism: the new ideology which asserts that the Libertarian philosophical position occurs in the real world in practice as Counter-Economics (see defintion). Agora: greek word meaning "open marketplace." Agorist: conscious practitioner of Counter-Economics. Agoric: of or pertaining to the agora. Market-oriented.
  • Counter-Economics: the study and/or practice of all human action which is forbidden by the State, including violation or non-compliance with regulations; sale and delivery of controlled or forbidden substances; ignoring of all borders and internal state boundaries, customs, tariffs, duties and taxes; evasion of taxes, tributes, levies and assizes; non-compliance with personal regulation such as sexual positions or partnering;gay sex or hetero sex, smuggling of both goods and people; homesteading of areas forbidden by the state but out of its reach such as the ocean bottom or Outer Space; violation of all pharmaceutical controls e.g the ability to buy propecia online; failure to report anti-statist acts and to turn in anti-statists (agorists).
  • Counter-Economist: 1. one who practices Counter-Economics, often unconsciously, unless Agorist. 2. One who studies the Counter-Economy.
  • Counter-Economy: the sum of all human action proscribed by the State.
  • Isolationist: synonym for anti-interventionist or anti-imperialist; originally pejorative but embraced by the New Isolationist movement. Does not indicate position on Free Trade vs Protection, only opposition to foreign policy adventurism.
  • Libertarian: one who opposes state intervention, i.e., a defender of Liberty.
  • Libertarian Center: usually an activist, organization or tendency which supports the "Libertarian" Party and moderate positions compromising between minarchy and anarchy, counter-economics and politics, gradualism and abolitionism, working with the Left and working with the Right in coalitions, etc. Best-known example: Liberty magazine, Libertarian Party.
  • Minarchist: term coined in 1971 by SEK3 to substitute for the clumsy phrase, "limited-government Libertarian."
  • Partyarch: term coined by SEK3 in 1972 to denote "anarchists" who had rejected the State (head of the octopus) only to embrace its tentacle, a political party.
Unless otherwise stated, the content of this page is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 License